An Alternative Path to Modernity
Author Yosef Kaplan
Essays included in the collection , dedicated to social and intellectual history of Western Sephardic Diaspora , which was formed in the XVI-XVII centuries fled from the Iberian Peninsula and settled in the major commercial cities of Western Europe baptized Jews - Marranos . Return to Judaism was associated to these people with a range of social and spiritual problems , especially their religiosity often subjected to serious criticism from representatives of traditional Judaism . Community of Amsterdam , Hamburg and London , unique in the degree of integration into the surrounding majority, the first in the Jewish world entered into a dynamic European world in modern times.